PDF van tekst 7,70 MB. Ongecorrigeerde ocr 2,98 MB. Nicoline van der Sijs, Chronologisch woordenboek. De ouderdom en herkomst van onze woorden en betekenissen. Dit bestand biedt, behoudens een aantal hierna te noemen ingrepen, een diplomatische weergave van de tweede druk van Chronologisch woordenboek. De ouderdom en herkomst van onze woorden en betekenissen van Nicoline van der Sijs uit De betreffende pagina's zijn daardoor komen te vervallen.
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Onregelmatige vormveranderingen 59 1. De tweede omvangrijke Nederlandse tekst: Herhalingswoorden Hele herhalingswoorden Gedeeltelijke herhalingswoorden Klankschilderende woorden 3. Gekonfijte en gedroogde vruchten Sauzen Brood Gebak en koekjes Casino casino land roebel en nagerechten Drugssoorten Rookwaar 4. Persoonsaanduidingen Wapens Kleding 4. Samenvatting van de voorgaande hoofdstukken Hoofdstuk read article Hoofdstuk 2 Hoofdstuk 3 Hoofdstuk 4 Het nut van de resultaten Toekomstidealen en suggesties voor vervolgonderzoek Hoofdstuk 1 Hoofdstuk 2 Hoofdstuk 3 Hoofdstuk 4 Hoofdstuk 5 Inleiding Voor de taalfeiten gebruikte bronnen Woordenlijst en taalfeiten Inleiding Bronnen van de dateringen Gebruikte afkortingen Woordregister De belangrijkste bronnen voor de dateringen 1.
Literatuur die is gebruikt voor de tekst für winnen groevenmachines Histologie Chronologisch woordenboek De ouderdom en herkomst van onze woorden en betekenissen Nicoline van der Sijs. CB1 C algemene opmerkingen Dit bestand biedt, behoudens een aantal hierna te noemen ingrepen, een diplomatische weergave van de tweede druk van Chronologisch casino casino land roebel. De oudste bronnen voor het Nederlands 2. De herkomst van Nederlandse woorden 3.
Thema's chronologisch bekeken 4. Besluit Samenvatting van de voorgaande hoofdstukken Hoofdstuk 1 Hoofdstuk 2 Hoofdstuk 3 Hoofdstuk 4 Het nut van de resultaten Toekomstidealen en suggesties voor vervolgonderzoek Noten Hoofdstuk 1 Hoofdstuk 2 Hoofdstuk 3 Hoofdstuk 4 Hoofdstuk 5 Chronologische lijst van woorden en taalfeiten Inleiding Voor de taalfeiten gebruikte bronnen Woordenlijst en taalfeiten Alfabetisch woordregister Inleiding Bronnen van de dateringen Gebruikte afkortingen Woordregister Literatuur 1.
Over het gehele werk titels over Woordenboek der Nederlandsche taal over Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek 10 delen. Auteurs Beschikbare titels Literatuur Taal Limburgse literatuur Friese literatuur Surinaamse literatuur Zuid-Afrikaanse literatuur. Over DBNL Auteursrecht en gebruiksvoorwaarden Organisatie Adressen Vragen Stages Digitaliseringsverzoeken Nieuwsbrief Nieuwe titels.
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In truth his career is a litany of narcissism, failure and deceit that has left thousands of innocent victims in its wake. Dust swirled and jackhammers pounded outside the Bonwit Teller building in Manhattan as undocumented immigrants tore apart the facade. It was 5 Juneand a sense of bitterness hung over the work site that afternoon: The exterior they were destroying was an architectural masterpiece — bronze, platinum, hammered aluminium, glazed ceramic and tinted glass that shimmered like jewellery.
Many New Yorkers had hoped the grandest portion would survive. Curators from the Metropolitan Museum of Art had asked the developer to carefully remove the two bas-relief casino casino land roebel panels casino casino land roebel they could be restored and put casino casino land roebel public display.
But that afternoon, the labourers, acting on orders from the developer, smashed the year-old art deco panels into a rubble of stone, pebble and dirt. Besides, he declared, he knew more than the curators — the panels had no artistic merit and little financial value. This incident from long before Trump became a household name is an ideal exemplar for his business career, in which he has repeatedly left bitterness and ruin in his wake.
His destructive behaviour — spurred by recklessness, arrogance and an unslakable thirst for vengeance — has victimised cities, businesses, investors, partners, even members of his own casino casino land roebel. Trump is now completing his biggest and most astonishing demolition: Since the disclosure of a recording earlier this month in which Trump demeans women and boasts of sexually assaulting them, the GOP casino casino land roebel nominee has vowed to make his campaign a scorched-earth mission.
He now speaks of vast conspiracies against him involving bankers, the media and politicians, while raging against Republicans who have pulled away from his toxic campaign, ripping open chasms between his zealous supporters and the GOP. Win or lose on 8 November, Trump, whose casino casino land roebel did not respond to requests for comment about this article, will leave the Republican Party as damaged as those art deco panels were 36 years ago.
To anyone who has watched Trump over the past four decades, none of this is a surprise. Two years later, a Trump lieutenant testified that his worth had not changed much.
In other words, casino casino land roebel the Republican nominee had done nothing but mow his lawn for the past 35 years, he would be a dramatically wealthier man than he is today.
The huge bonus in that scenario: Thousands of people would not have been ridiculed, ripped off or otherwise have suffered from encounters with Donald J Trump.
Donald Trump loves to put his name on buildings, but there are no hospital wings named after him. No buildings at the University of Pennsylvania bear his name, even though he constantly cites his graduation from its Wharton School as a sign of his intelligence.
Trump bears little resemblance to prominent billionaires such as Warren Buffett, Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg, Michael Bloomberg or Charles Francis Feeney, who have dedicated huge casino casino land roebel of their wealth to aiding the less fortunate.
There is no evidence that Trump has done much of anything to make the world a better place; what he has left behind is some casino casino land roebel, along with a lot of wreckage and rancour.
He regularly cheats at golf, even revising his scorecard after a match to transform defeat into victory, according to two people who have played with him. After dragging a buddy through years of litigation, Trump told the man he had filed the suit only because he was angry the friend had not given him enough public credit for his success, according casino casino land roebel a person who witnessed the speelautomaten Jackpot City online game. When business executives came to his office, Trump bragged about his current wife, Melania, and showed them nude photographs from her modelling days, two bankers say.
Trump encourages staff at the Trump Organisation to tell him the faults of co-workers who are standing there, creating a vicious corporate environment, a former executive says. They settled under confidential terms. There are no names attached to those stories because the sources all know the Republican nominee strikes out casino casino land roebel over any perceived criticism.
They all asked to remain anonymous for fear that Trump would drag them to court or try to damage their careers. He showed his click at this page to harm others for his personal benefit early in his career.
Using those undocumented Polish workers in for the razing of the Bonwit Teller building, for example, was deemed part of a civil conspiracy to defraud a union pension fund, a federal judge in New York later ruled.
Another example emerged the following year. Trump purchased an old hotel and adjacent apartment building for redevelopment on Central Park South, one of the swankiest streets in Manhattan. A little more than tenants occupied the rent-controlled apartments, but Trump launched a campaign casino casino land roebel drive them out, according to court documents filed by city and state officials.
He cut off their heat and hot water. He tried to move homeless people here empty apartments to annoy or even frighten the residents. He decreased security for the building, and over those 18 months, the number of burglaries in the building skyrocketed. Trump scoffed at complaints from residents and the government, publicly disparaging occupants of the apartments as pampered millionaires — a claim he made with no information to back it up.
Instead, the court proceedings showed that many of the residents were elderly or middle casino casino land roebel. Inwith casino casino land roebel legal proceedings dragging on, Trump finally abandoned his plans to tear down the apartment building, and the residents were allowed to remain. During that five-year battle, Trump also destroyed a football league.
The idea for the USFL was simple: The USFL got off the ground in The timing could hardly have been better. There were 12 teams in the upstart USFL. The owners would take losses for a while — as they would from investing in any promising startup — but in seven or eight years, Bassett said, the USFL would be on par with the NFL and have the money to compete for the best players.
After the first USFL season, Trump purchased the New Jersey Generals from an Oklahoma oilman. Trump proclaimed that spring football click the following article stupid. Rather than holding down costs, Trump began spending wildly for star players, offering so much money that he set off a salary spiral in the NFL and the USFL, one that eventually drove up the price of tickets to cover the massive expense.
Trump also decided to see more cheerleaders, holding tryouts in the basement of Trump Tower and selecting a number of underage girls for the job. InBassett was dying of brain cancer and struggled to control the brash new owner. Through browbeating, cajoling and intimidation, Trump casino casino land roebel the other teams to abandon the spring league concept and play in the autumn.
He and his supporters sent casino casino land roebel into court, arguing that the NFL operated an illegal monopoly. The USFL appealed and, as part of its legal strategy, did not start playing again that spring. When the Supreme Casino casino land roebel let the judgment stand, the USFL collapsed. Hundreds of gewonnen online in iemand casino's — players, announcers, executives, cheerleaders and casino casino land roebel — lost their jobs.
I like beating my enemies to the ground. He uttered these words inabout the same time he was in a series of pointless battles: The ugliest — and most incomprehensible — fight involved a Aaaber geld verdienen in het casino beoordelingen the York billionaire named Leonard Stern, who had turned a pet supply company into a real estate and media empire. This was hardly a surprise, as former Trump Tower residents had already publicly stated they had lost money on their resales.
He soon followed that up with a note to David Schneiderman, president of Stern Publishing, which owned 7 Daysannouncing a mass-plaintiff lawsuit brought by virtually everyone living in every Trump property, all of whom he claimed were outraged by the little-noticed comment in a little-read publication. While he was not keen on bringing litigation, Trump wrote, he could not hold back the hordes of apartment owners eager to sue, and so decided to join them.
Trump dropped the threat when he read a subsequent 7 Days article that casino casino land roebel a compliment for his then-wife, Ivana, and the role she had played in redecorating his Plaza Hotel.
He never explained why the infuriated and unnamed Trump apartment owners no longer cared about the damage casino casino land roebel done by the first piece. Trump then confirmed the article, saying: Stern was not the last billionaire Trump tried to hurt. After Trump opened casinos in Atlantic City, he developed an intense hatred of Steve Wynn, a far more successful gambling industry executive.
But those of lesser means were sometimes crushed for simply doing their jobs. InMarvin Roffman was a little-known analyst working at second-tier investment company called Janney Montgomery Scott. He specialised in appraising the financial prospects of the Atlantic City gaming industry. It called Roffman, who said the Taj would benefit from the publicity surrounding its opening but predicted it would struggle afterward. Pressured by his company, Roffman casino casino land roebel Trump a letter of apology the next day, saying the Journal had taken his words out of context.
But after thinking about it overnight, he sent another letter retracting his apology. One day later, the investment company fired Roffman.
Not satisfied, Trump continued to publicly berate Roffman. In the end, however, it was Trump who looked like the fool. And Roffman was right about the Taj: He raised the money to buy the Taj from Resorts International and rebuild it; despite his casino casino land roebel to use only bank borrowings, the lenders would not hand over enough cash. So to sell his bonds, Trump agreed to a rate of 14 per cent, far higher than the 9 per cent yield at the time on investment-grade corporate bonds.
Trump did not disclose in the filing that he was also guaranteeing hundreds of millions of dollars of loans on real estate properties, which might undermine his ability to tap into his credit.
And he spent money on a fight with homeowners whose land he wanted so he could build a larger parking lot for the casino. He also knew that lots of people would suffer along the way. As he built his casinos, Atlantic City was ripped apart. Unemployment soared, hundreds of restaurants went out of business, and dry cleaners and specialist shops disappeared. When his three top casino executives died casino casino land roebel a freak helicopter casino casino land roebel in lateTrump took over direct management of that business.
With the financial condition of his casinos getting steadily worse, Trump launched a purge of executives, replacing some of them with people who were clearly unqualified for their new jobs. The chief financial officer of the Taj, Donald Wood, was taken from the building in a casino casino land roebel after suffering from exhaustion and dehydration in April ; Trump fired him two days later.
In Junethe firings continued. Trump turned over the assets of the airline to his banks, putting casino casino land roebel than people out of work, according to court records. The banks also forced Trump to sell his yacht casino casino land roebel put him on a budget. In Novemberthe Taj casino casino land roebel bankrupt.
The bondholders who had been promised high interest were forced to swap a large portion of their investment for half of the equity in the casino — a far riskier holding. Trump, however, walked away relatively unscathed. The entire Trump casino empire then tumbled into the bankruptcy court.
Trump slashed more jobs, investors lost more money, and the economy in Atlantic Casino casino land roebel worsened as unemployment surged. Byenough of the continue reading had been casino casino land roebel away that some of the outstanding bonds began to recover, climbing to about 70 per cent of their see more value.
Three years later, Trump casino casino land roebel stock in his newly formed Trump Hotel and Casino Resorts, which owned all three of his Atlantic City casinos and another casino he had started in Indiana. He insisted the stock trade under the ticker DJT — his initials.
Bythe stock was selling for 65 cents a share, and the company fell into bankruptcy; people who had casino casino land roebel their faith in the Trump name lost more than 90 per cent of their investment.
Even in the greatest stock market ever, and in a business regularly described as a licence to print money, Trump left only wreckage in his wake. And investors in Trump hotels saw nothing but losses. On the other hand, Trump did just fine for himself. What he told the public casino casino land roebel a fable: In truth, he did it by snatching huge fistfuls of cash from a company that was wiping out the savings of millions of people.
The typical business contract lists Synthesen Slots bonussen echt geld voor de registratie Arbeiten and of u het casino kunt verslaan en verdien titles, or perhaps just identifies the companies involved. These documents rarely contain boasts, but that is what is on the first page of a confidential contract drawn up by Trump, a copy obtained by Newsweek shows.
The other party to the deal was listed as SimDag-RoBEL LLC, a Florida limited liability corporation. As a term of the contract, both sides were forbidden from ever revealing its existence. And for good reason — Trump was trying to keep up a facade of success. By then, most of the casino casino land roebel money had given up on him. To get a new personal credit line, he could no longer rely on handshake deals or personal guarantees with Chase Manhattan, as he once had.
Instead, financial records obtained by Newsweek show, in he turned to the Cayman Islands branch of UBS, the Swiss bank. For that loan, however, he had to put up a large number of assets as security, including a portion of his interest in Casino casino land roebel World Tower, all of his investments in a Paine Webber brokerage account, mortgage notes and numerous other securities and property.
The stock and bond markets, where every investor who had ever placed faith in Trump lost money, were closed to him. A fund financed by the billionaire George Soros agreed to invest in a Trump development casino casino land roebel — but only once.
A private equity firm, Colony Capital, backed out of a Trump project, forcing the Trump Organisation to self-finance. Wall Street and financial institutions worldwide all knew that, as a casino casino land roebel, Trump was a disaster.
So Trump went in another directionrebuilding his reputation on television. Beginning inaround when his public company fell into bankruptcy, Trump began playing the role of a successful businessman on the NBC reality show The Apprentice. Unless it read the financial news religiously, the public could not know that this portrayal of Trump was a farce.
The success of The Apprentice gave new credibility to Trump, which appealed to people looking to buy apartments and even products. The Trump casino casino land roebel, the Casino's winstgevend te openen water, the vodka, the chocolates, the mortgage company — all were attempts by Trump to make money off his name because he had few other financial options.
Inhe also decided to launch Trump University, a for-profit education company that collapsed amid allegations it had defrauded thousands of people. SimDag-RoBEL was developing the project and paid for the right to call it Trump Tower Tampa. Trump would not need to obtain financing, or handle or inspect any of the development casino casino land roebel. Executives made every effort in the marketing materials to make potential buyers believe Trump was developing the Tampa building.
The first sentence of a press release, dated 10 Januaryread: Trump was not putting any money into Tampa; he was just taking cash out of it. But apartment buyers started putting down large deposits for their condominiums that same year. It was not until Maywhen Trump sued SimDag-RoBEL for failing to pay him all of his licensing fees, that the apartment buyers discovered they had been deceived.
SimDag-RoBEL failed to complete the building, and the people who put down the deposits sued everyone involved, including Trump. Unless the apartment buyers spent hours at the closing reading the lengthy apartment purchase agreement or hired a lawyer to review it, there was no way to know they were the victims casino casino land roebel a bait-and-switch.
The scam worked, again and again. Trump Hollywood failed, and the real estate mogul blamed Jorge Pérez, the developer who had paid to use his name. But this was not his fault, Trump said. Again, Trump denied responsibility. Building after building, failure after failure, hundreds of millions of dollars lost. Each time, the buyers sued, saying they had been tricked into believing that Trump was the developer.
And each time, Trump pointed casino casino land roebel the fine print of the contracts, told the courts the buyers should have read them more carefully, and walked casino casino land roebel. Potentially hundreds of people lost tens of millions of dollars while Trump pocketed huge sums through his licensing fees. He demands applause and annihilates those who refuse to give it. He preens about successes he obtained only by destroying the wealth, careers and reputations of other people.
He takes credit for the victories of others and denies any blame for his many failures. In his impulsive pursuit this web page self-aggrandisement, his victims are legion.
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